Adsorption is the adhesion of molecules in a gas or liquid to a solid material. This enables the removal and transfer of e.g. water molecules in the air (humidity transfer).
Humidity transfer can be done in rotor heat exchangers by coating the aluminum with either silica gel or molecular sieve. The coating absorbs humidity in one air stream and releases (desorb) the humidity in another air stream.
Adsorption material enables transferring not only heat but also moisture from one air stream to another.
The air velocity is the distance the air travels per unit of time, usually expressed in meter per second. Air velocity is normally presented for the heat transfer channel/matrix or the face of the heat exchanger. Face velocity is dependent on the area where the air enters the heat exchanger.
Heatex heat exchangers are versatile and can be used in various applications. However, different rules and regulations might apply to each application, depending on your region. For example, demands on energy efficiency differ between Indoor Air Quality applications such as commercial and residential ventilation to Thermal Management applications such as electronic and data center cooling.
A bypass is a standard option for plate heat exchangers. The purpose of the bypass is to, under certain conditions lead the air around but parallel to the heat exchanger, bypassing the plates. Reason for this could be capacity control or freeze protection.
Cable glands are used to lead cables from one side of a metal sheet to the other without affecting the environment on either side of the metal sheet since cable glands are usually airtight to a high level.
We (Heatex) must not CE mark our product neither plate nor rotor. Plate heat exchangers are in this sense straightforward since they do not include any moving parts. And rotary heat exchangers, belong to the Machine directive which states that a “partly completed component” that cannot itself perform the application is not to be CE marked.
Is an option provided by Heatex to seal the cut edges of the heat exchanger plates, that are coated with epoxy coating. This is a way to increase the corrosion resistance but this option can also be used to further tighten heat exchangers.
Condensate is created when water is extracted from the air during the phase shift from gas to liquid. Condensation occurs when air is cooled to a dry temperature which is below the wet temperature and the relative humidity exceeds 100 %.
The profile is the corner piece, placed on the same sides as the inlets- and outlets- of the cross-flow heat exchanger. Together with the end-plate, the profile creates the frame around the heat transfer plates.
Differential pressure is the difference in pressure between the two air channels. It is often calculated as the difference between the supply air outlet and exhaust air inlet in the heat exchanger. The differential pressure is used to calculate the leakage rate in the rotor heat exchanger and the impact on pressure drop for plate heat exchangers. Allowed values are up to 600 Pa for rotor heat exchangers and up to 1800-3000Pa for cross flow heat exchanger (depending on model).
EATR is an abbreviation for Exhaust air transfer ratio. It represents the air mass leakage from exhaust air into the supply air. The main contributing factor to EATR is the carryover which is a consequence of the rotation of the wheel and thus the transport of the exhaust air trapped in the matrix. With the rotation of the wheel, the exhaust air enters the supply side. The EATR value is presented in % and shows the percentage of the exhaust air in the supply air.
OACF is an abbreviation for the Outdoor air correction factor. It basically shows how much supply air is lost in the heat recovery unit. The value is a ratio between the supply air inlet flow and supply air outlet flow. In ideal conditions, the ratio is 1. A value of 1.1 means that 10% more supply airflow is needed to compensate for leakages within the heat exchanger. An OACF below 1 means that exhaust air is leaking into the supply side
From January 1st, 2018, the demands on the minimum thermal efficiency of heat recovery systems in non-residential ventilation units rise from 67% to 73%. In addition, allowed pressure drop also decreases through the decreased SFP-value (internal specific fan power of ventilation components). These limitations make it essential to hit 73% while utilizing the allowed pressure drop to cover the most extensive possible flow range.
Effectiveness takes into account the difference in mass balance. It is calculated by multiplying the efficiency times the specific mass air flow divided by the minimum airflow. Effectiveness describes how much of the available heat is transferred from one side of the heat exchanger to the other.
Efficiency describes how much e.g. the temperature changes from one side of the heat exchanger divided by the maximum theoretically possible temperature change. Efficiency can also be calculated for humidity and enthalpy.
22 = Supply from rotor, 21 = Supply to rotor, 11 = Exhaust to rotor
ErP stands for Energy-related product and is a concept within European Union Ecodesign. For air to air heat exchangers in non-residential ventilation applications, this implies a minimum level of 73% from Jan 1st, 2018. Otherwise, it is not allowed to be used.
In a rotating heat exchanger condensation occurs when high temperature and high humidity air is cooled down. The condensate is either pushed out by the airflow or trapped in the matrix and by the rotation, it enters the other air stream. Some water is evaporated by this air stream and leaves the system with the air. The rest of the water, called "free water" trickles down the wheel/casing. A drip tray could be useful but in most cases, the free water is not an issue.
A hybrid rotor is consisting of a silica gel based coated flat aluminum coil and a corrugated aluminum foil. The purpose of this product is to improve the humidity transport compared to a pure aluminum rotor.
The majority of the heat transfer material in Heatex products is aluminum. By adding a coating a new functionality is added. A layer of epoxy coating increases corrosion resistance. Silica gel and molecular sieve can be used in rotor heat exchangers to enable humidity transfer.
OACF is an abbreviation for Outdoor air correction factor. It basically shows how much supply air is lost in the heat recovery unit. The value is a ratio between the supply air inlet flow and supply air out- let flow. In ideal conditions, the ratio is 1. A value of 1.1 means that 10% more supply air flow is needed to compensate for leakages within the heat exchanger. An OACF below 1 means that exhaust air is leaking into the supply side
The plane of intersection is the orientation of the center beam that separates the two air streams. A horizontal orientation means one air flow in the upper part of the rotor and one in the lower. Vertical orientation means one air flow to the left and one to the right.
Also called “channel height”, is the distance between the individual plates stacked upon each other. Bigger plate distance makes it easier to inspect and clean the heat exchanger in case of heavy pollution.
A Powerbelt is a special Heatex drive belt for rotary heat exchangers, developed to ensure easy adjustments as well as safe and reliable operation of the heat exchanger.
Power belt is our toughest option and high wear-resistant. This belt is used without a tensioning device and can be used at temperatures up to 110°C (230°F) and in humid climates. The belt is easily joined together without any tools or locks and is therefore easy to maintain. Power belt is offered for all rotor diameters. Power belt is the standard option for rotors up to 1500 mm (59.06”) in diameter when variable speed motor and special seals are chosen.
The purge sector is optimized to reduce carryover or EATR. It will stop the inlet of exhaust air in the small area right before airflows switch, thus avoiding exhaust air to get trapped in the matrix. a small amount of the supply air is used to blow out the minor amount of exhaust air that might have been trapped to ensure a fresh and clean supply air.
The relative humidity describes the saturation level of the air. When the relative humidity is 0 % the air is completely dry and when the relative humidity is 100 % the air is completely saturated, meaning that the dry temperature is the same as the wet bulb temperature and that condensation will occur if the temperature is reduced.
The elastic round belt is easy to use since it requires no maintenance or tension device. The hollow endless belt is joined together by welding in Heatex production. If the belt needs to be rejoined, this can be done by using a special pin that is delivered together with the casing. The alternative is to change the belt to a power belt.
The Heatex special seal is a wear-resistant seal that reduces leakage on rotary heat exchangers. The brush fibers of the special seal are made of a special polymer that allows for better wear resistance against the wheel and the rubber lips on both sides reduce the leakage to a minimum.